Enhancing and Empowering: Doing the Math with Paraeducators, a Mathematics Professional Development Model for PreK to Grade 3

Enhancing and Empowering: Doing the Math with Paraeducators, a Mathematics Professional Development Model for PreK to Grade 3

A Research and Development Project

Project Staff:
Judy Storeygard
Karen Mutch-Jones
Audrey Martínez-Gudapakkam
Sabrina De Los Santos


Addressing mathematics professional development (PD) needs of PreK-3 paraeducators is critical, as their numbers continue to rise, and their duties expand beyond routine and clerical tasks. Paras often provide academic support in early math skills, which can be powerful predictors of academic achievement for students.

Prior Work: Our exploratory Doing the Math project (DRL-1621151) staff developed and tested a PD model, responsive to paras’ working in a diverse urban district. Results of the twenty-three participants showed increased confidence and involvement in math instruction, greater facility using inquiry-based math resources, and improved strategies for supporting student thinking and addressing math learning challenges.  Overall, there was a notable shift as paras moved from a monitoring role to an educator role, indicating the potential for opening pathways to teaching for these educators and diversifying the teaching pool.  This exploratory research resulted in a proof of concept, with a PD model that is ready for testing in a wider range settings and school districts.

Enhancing and Empowering: Doing the Math: Led by TERC and Indiana University–Purdue University Indianapolis (IUPUI) and supported by the National Science Foundation (DRL-2101425), this new phase of work, Enhancing and Empowering: Doing the Math, will refine core PD activities for paraeducators and enhance the PD model in the following ways:

  • expand the participant cohort to include PreK paraeducators;
  • provide PD to math facilitators so they can support teacher implementation;
  • revise the structure of PD by offering school-based sessions to build a school community of learners; and
  • adding teacher PD to foster collaboration with paras and create opportunities for them to support paras’ instructional practice.

Through this project, we will collaborate with paraeducators in two diverse urban districts, Boston, MA Public Schools, and Indianapolis, IN Metropolitan School District Washington Township. We will study how well the project creates professional learning communities, influences para instructional practice, and develops para-mentors and teachers who support their colleagues.  Our outcomes research will measure the impact on paraeducators’ confidence, mathematics pedagogical content knowledge, and teaching efficacy. Findings will also identify how to create pathways that support para entry into teaching careers and leadership roles that will share with other districts.

It is our belief that providing paraeducators with access to sustained PD and opportunities to continue their education can open important pathways to teaching which may diversify the teaching pool and address the critical teacher shortage that disproportionately affects high-need urban schools (Walker, 2019).


Doing the Math with Paraeducators from on Vimeo. Rep Pressley from Judy Storeygard on Vimeo.

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Hands On! Article

Doing the Math with Paraeducators

Feature // By Judy Storeygard, Karen Mutch-Jones, Simone Ngongi-Lukula Doing the Math with Paraeducators Article          

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A needs assessment survey will investigate the context in which paras work. The iterative process of design-based research will develop, test, and implement the targeted professional development with paras, measuring how prepared they feel to implement new ideas and how they translate their learning into new pedagogical practices. Cross-case analyses, descriptive statistics, tallies and coded behaviors from observations, and themes from paras, and teacher and administrator interviews will be collected, coded, and analyzed. Furthermore, an efficacy survey will be administered periodically to document longitudinal changes in paras, which will be integrated into the cross-case analyses.